Brighton is said to be named after the English town or borough of the same name, and in similar contrast is bound on one side by a bay, Bramble Bay. The Brighton area was previously known as North Sandgate.
In 1866 Captain William Townsend arrived and purchased the Brighton Hotel, along Beaconsfield Terrance. He used the premises as his home until it sold in 1893. From 1893 until 1912, it was used as an orphanage until it resumed being a hotel in 1912. The Brighton Hotel is still in operation today.
Between December 1940 to May 1946, Brighton was home to the World War II barracks of the RAAF Air Training School and was built on reclaimed land. It became the Eventide Nursing Home in October 1946, when 768 inmates were transferred from Dunwich, Stradbroke Island.
The Brighton State School was established with one teach, Mr. Alfred Thompson, in 1920.